Be bold, cut them off. ‘Bush’ (determinate) types are left unpinched and need only to be loosely tied to canes to prevent them sagging. When you buy seed or plants, check on the label to see what growth habit the plant will be. Andrew Montgomery. More usually seen are bush or cordon tomatoes. Start your tomato plants in the greenhouse or windowsill to protect from early cold. Mixed up tomato seedings - cordon vs bush how to tell? Which variety to choose is a question of personal taste but remember the large, Beefsteak type, because the fruits are so large take longer to ripen. Bush types will grow as the name suggests, bushy. When I … Tomatoes generally come in two different growth habits: cordon (or indeterminate) tomatoes grow tall, reaching up to 1.8m (6ft) and require support; bush (or determinate) tomatoes are bushy and don’t require staking. The two main growth habits are: indeterminate (also called vine or cordon) or determinate (bush) tomatoes. Trimming & training your grafted tomato plants As your tomato plant develops the leaves will act as ‘solar panels’, soaking up the daylight and creating lots of healthy minerals which will eventually end up in your tomatoes. One of the reasons upright tomatoes need more attention is because they are very vigorous and grow tall. For many gardeners the easiest tomatoes to grow to ensure plenty of fruit and not too much trouble are the cherry types and there are good bush cherry tomatoes which are easy to grow. Looking at the images on the right the cordon tomato is tall and thin. So described as they literally grow as a vine, will need supports, and will keep growing upwards until the first frost. Legend is the best Beefsteak Tomato in the Bush range, with Rio Grande being a good Plum tomato. … Commonly available cordon tomato varieties. Crops well. Cordon (also known as indeterminate) tomatoes can form tall plants, reaching 2m or more! Gardeners delight (cordon) Vilma (bush) Terenzo (container) Tumbling Tom (container) Romello (container) How To Grow Tomatoes. This means once you have cut off the top of the plant to stop it growing you will need to do this again, and again, as it will keep trying to grow through the greenhouse ceiling. This means pinching out the growing tips at the top of the plant and stop the plant growing up any further. Cordon tomatoes will need stakes to grow up, and to be tied in, otherwise they will flop. Bush tomatoes need much less training than cordon types, so they’re a good … Unless these shoots are removed the plant, which is very vigorous, will produce a mass of leaves and shoots. please? How to Grow Tomato from Seed. This also aids ventilation, which helps to reduce the risk of diseases. I hope you have enjoyed the information on this website and found it useful. Looking at the images on the right the cordon tomato is tall and thin. Most of the standard varieties are cordon. This shows Cordon Tomatoes which are still relatively small growing in a Greenhouse. ‘Cordon’ varieties (indeterminate), also known as vine tomatoes, need pinching out and training during the growing season to get the best results. Picking Out / Pruning. There are regular leaf varieties and potato leaf varieties, and types more suited to greenhouse or outdoor growing. There are commercial metal supports as show above the grow bags. See below for our full list of Cherry tomato varieties: See below for our full list of Salad tomato varieties: See below for our full list of Beefsteak tomato varieties: See below for our full list of Plum tomato varieties: How to Grow Tomatoes from Plug Plants Video, The smallest and often sweetest tomatoes, from grape size to 25g fruits, Cherry tomatoes are ideal for adding to salads, pasta dishes or for roasting whole, These are good all-round tomatoes in the kitchen. Now you've chosen which type of tomato you'd like to grow you can narrow your choice down further by choosing whether it's suitable for indoor or outdoor cultivation, whether it can be grown in a container or hanging basket and whether it has blight resistance. Vine tomatoes can be compact, intermediate or tall. Alicante is a true cordon type tomato and produces the best tomatoes when pruned that way. The 2 main types of tomato plants, Upright also know as Cordon is shown in the centre image above, and Bush tomatoes shown growing in the hanging basket. Cordon tomatoes, also sometimes referred to as ‘indeterminate,’ grow on long vines that usually need to be staked or have some sort of support. These varieties of tomato plant are the most common and are grown as cordons (single stemmed plants with side shoots removed). If the fruit is heavy or large you may need to support it with extra ties, and again raffia is very good for this. There are two types of tomatoes – cordon and bush tomatoes. Cordon type tomatoes (sometimes called indeterminate or vine tomatoes) grow tall and upright, producing a single main stem with sideshoots growing from it. Because this step is important here is a short video How to remove side shoots. Page 1 of 1: I picked up a few tomato plants going cheap at the garden centre, but they weren't names - I just know I got different varieties because they were in Cordon or bush tomatoes? Its as easy as 1, 2, 3! Bush tomato types are pre-programmed in their genes to produce a plant of a certain shape, size and with a pre-determined number of stems … Enjoy your crop - there's nothing more delicious than home grown tomatoes picked at the peak of their ripeness! A cordon cherry they’re easy to grow and high in anthocyanins and lycopene so healthy as well as enjoyable. Indeterminate tomatoes, also known as cordon tomatoes or vine tomatoes, continue to grow and produce fruit throughout the summer. All rights reserved. Bush Vs Cordon varieties. The bush varieties and the container plants are all … The main choice is between bush type tomatoes which are, as the name suggests, bushy and suitable for hanging baskets and are generally easier to grow compared with Upright, or Cordon tomatoes. Upright tomatoes need more attention and check out the pros and cons of both types of tomatoes. #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } Bush Tomatoes . This is a bush tomato plant and the shape is quite different. Thin out foliage as soon as the flowers appear and carry on as the plant fruits. Because Cordon tomatoes grow so tall, they need support. If you are short on space and want to maximise your yield then there is a fair amount of evidence to suggest that cordon tomatoes are your best bet. Bush/Determinate Side shoots should be removed from the cordon varieties but are usually allowed to grow on bush or vine types. Gartenpearle Garden Pearl Tomato . Cordon types are trained to grow tall and are supported by a cane or stake. Upright tomatoes are also known as Cordon or Indeterminate Tomatoes. Some will have great success with bush tomatoes while others prefer to cordon. See also How to Grow Tomatoes and Common Problems and Diseases when growing tomatoes. For the chance to be featured, share your plant pictures with uson Instagram by using the hashtag #YourTMGarden. They will need to be potted on into large containers and supports by way of canes and ties added. How to Sow Tomato Seeds Video and is a concise, informative guide containing all you need to know to grow a tasty crop of tomatoes. Our cordon tomato seeds are available throughout the year, with young plants available in spring for those who want a ready-to-plant option. Because of this, they either require staking for support, or you can leave them to lie on the ground. Cat Fleet Posts: 15. Falling in between are semi-determinate, or intermediate types of tall bush tomatoes. Continue taking out the growing points as the plant will strive to keep growing. With Cordon tomatoes as the plant grows it is essential to remove all new side shoots, which appear at the junction between the upright stem and the branch. Vining tomatoes continue to grow foliage, flower, and bear fruit until the frost. Tomato plants are also grouped into cordon and bush types. We keep a greenhouse for tomatoes only and grow all our cordon varieties there. Beefsteak tomatoes have a meaty texture, ideal for grilling, stuffing and adding to sandwiches, Available in 'cherry' size or larger, plum tomatoes have an oval shape, They are very fleshy, generally having fewer seeds, making them ideal for sauces, soups or sun drying. There are regular leaf varieties and potato leaf varieties, and types more suited to greenhouse or outdoor growing. Should I sacrifice the cordon plants and not pinch anything out just in case I ruin my bush plants? There are four main types of tomatoes, each with their own culinary uses as explained below: Cordon/Indeterminate tomatoes Those sold as suitable for hanging baskets are often the small fruit varieties and they can do very well in hanging baskets with dozen and dozens of tumbling fruit. You can either scroll down the page to browse or click on the tomato types above to view all varieties for that type; then simply click on the variety name for more information on that variety. By doing this you are containing the plant's growth, you do not want a lot of extra branches growing out sideways. Gartenpearle or Garden Pearle. Tomatoes are a very healthy fruit, high in the compound Lycopene which has antioxidant properties. Includes heritage & heirloom varieties. Cordon tomatoes are simply tomatoes that are trained to grow upwards and put all their attention into flowering and fruiting rather than throwing out side shoots. It is easier to grow, and requires less attention. The vast majority of garden tomatoes are either long-vined indeterminate (cordon) varieties, or an in-between category called “vigorous determinates,” of which ‘Roma’ and ‘Celebrity’ are good examples. CORDON AND BUSH TOMATO VARIETIES Below we list the most common tomato varieties and classify them as cordon or bush types. Bush tomatoes grow to a certain height, stop growing, and then flower and produce fruit. Vine Tomatoes - Cordon or Indeterminate Tomatoes. © 2012-2022 Carol Jackson - The Sunday Gardener is a registered trademark. Outdoor tomatoes are more limited in choice, but there are some that produce reliably good results. */. We recommend moving this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. Some types of tomato are found only as either upright or bush, for example, the larger tomatoes, especially beefsteak are upright. Tomatoes are easy to grow from seed. This handy guide comprises of approximately 55 pages, 23 illustrations and approximately 12,000 words. Semi-determinate The Bush tomato in the hanging basket is like a small shrub. However if left to its own devices without any pruning it will still produce lots of fruits but slightly smaller and later in the season. These are restricted to six trusses and all the side shoots (the leafy growths in the gap between stem and leaf) are pinched out to develop an upright plant - this takes up less space and allows fruit to ripen easily. The Bush tomato in the hanging basket is like a small shrub. Towards the end of the season the plant shouldn't have masses of leaves on it. Prolific and tasty deep-red cherry tomatoes. It is ideal for hanging baskets and often supports the cherry type of tomato. When you look on the websites of seed suppliers or read the packets in a shop or garden centre you may see tomato varieties described as ‘Cordon’ or ‘Bush’ and also ‘Determinate’ or ‘Indeterminate’. As the name suggests they grow upright with a single stem and do not bush. All rights reserved. Cordon Tomatoes. If you grow cordon tomatoes then you will need a stake, such as a bamboo cane, to support the plant, and you’ll need to … Tomato Seeds Plant tomato seeds indoors and transplant to pots or growbags outside when the risk of frost is passed. View our guides below to help you select the right tomato for you. /* Add your own Mailchimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. How to Grow Tomato from Seed. There are advantages to each and which you choose is going to depend a lot on your tomato usage and garden space. The Bush variety of tomato, of which there are many types, are easier to grow because they do not need pinching out, less potting on and it is unnecessary to take off side shoots. In the image left,   the arrow shows the side shoot which grows at the junction. Cordon tomatoes will go on growing until they die and can reach 20ft or more. 'Sungold' Small orange fruits, exceptionally sweet. Push the supports into … How to Grow Tomatoes from Plug Plants Video. Posts. For more information on a nutritious, balanced diet, read our healthy eating guide. Bush tomato are shrub like in growth and need some support, a light cane will do. Learn more. Bush tomato seeds & bush tomato plants for sale. For more information on tomato blight click here. Usually trained as a cordon – one central stem supported by a cane or string, 1½-2m (5-7ft) high. These are similar to indeterminate varieties (grown as cordons) only they produce shorter plants. The next step is to sow your tomato seeds or pot on your tomato plug plants. However simple bamboo canes and wooden stakes are just as good. Tomatoes are split into two main growing types: determinate (bush) and indeterminate (cordon). The Cordon type represents a host of different variety tomatoes which have been developed for their high yield and quality. Available direct from The Sunday Gardener in paperback - for more information, buying options and reviews and how to buy click here. Tomatoes can be bush, cordon (single stemmed) or vine varieties. They keep making tomatoes over time, so you can keep picking them over an extended period. Available Thompson & Morgan. You can sow seed from late March to early April if you will be growing the plants outdoors. Bush tomatoes can be left to get on with the growing. Indeterminate (vine or cordon) tomatoes . Firmly secure canes or stakes into the ground so they will be able to support the considerable weight of fruit-laden plants and withstand sudden gusts of wind. If you don't stop the plant growing upwards, it will put all its energy into producing more growth and leaves at the cost of flowers, which become the fruit. They will also need to be regularly pinched throughout the growing season if you want a high yield of fruits. Bush tomatoes (sometimes called determinate tomatoes) grow into low bushes with many sideshoots. BUSH OR CORDON? help with mystery plants and named var. The bush type requires less attention, doesn’t need its side shoots removing and are usually varieties that do better outdoors. They will grow very tall - sometimes taller than 2.5m in very warm conditions. This website uses cookies. May 2015 in Fruit & veg. There are two basic types of tomato, cordon and bush, with a third, semi-bush to complicate things. If so, please consider making a small donation to help maintain and keep the website advert free with no intrusive pop ups or adverts. For more information read our How to Grow Tomatoes guide. Upright tomatoes have additional growing requirements which include stopping off the growth, pinching out the side shoots, and thinning the foliage- detailed below. By restricting growth it will produce more fruits. 0. ... as is the case with cordon tomatoes. If grown outside, bush tomatoes favour a sunny but sheltered spot, with fertile but well-draining soil. They keep growing and get bigger and bigger as time goes on. : … The Alicante tomato . You can grow any type of tomato in a greenhouse but the bush (also known as determinate) varieties take up a lot of valuable floor space whereas the cordon (also called pole or indeterminate) varieties make best use of the vertical space and are, therefore, far more productive in terms of total yield and the best tomatoes to grow in the greenhouse. The Bush variety of tomato, of which there are many types, are easier to grow because they do not need pinching out, less potting on and it is unnecessary to take off side shoots. Cordon tomatoes can be grown against tall canes or stakes or, in a greenhouse, twisted around string. Bush varieties, also known as Determinate. Vine tomatoes can be compact, intermediate or tall. Baby or Cherry Tomato. How to grow Cordon Tomatoes also know as Upright and determinate Tomatoes, Extra Steps for Growing Upright/Cordon/Indeterminate Tomatoes, Upright tomatoes are vigorous - stopping off growth, Choosing growing Cordon Tomatoes or Bush Tomatoes, The best 10 Easy to grow flowering plants, How to grow Aquilegia common name Columbine, Caring for Spring Bulbs Frequently Asked Questions, How to grow Dierama The Angel's Fishing Rod, How to grow Monarda common name Bee Balm and Bergamot, how to grow Alchemilla mollis Lady's mantle, How to grow foxgloves Latin name Digitalis, Best Plant and Grass Ornamental combinations, Fallopia Russian Vine Mile a minute plant, How to grow Tropaeolum speciosum the flame flower, How to grow Nandina common name Heavenly Bamboo, Best Silver and Grey Foliage Plants and Shrubs, Wildlife friendly garden Plants for bees and butterflies, How to Help Bumble bees and Planting to attract Bumble Bees, Spring Flowering Plants attractive to Bees, What is a Annual, Perennial, Biennial Plant, Growing Tomatoes Upright Cordon and Indeterminate varieties, Common problems and diseases when growing tomatoes, What to do about Powdery Mildew on Cucumbers, Squashes and Courgettes, Contact the Sunday Gardener for gardening information and advice, Contact The Sunday Gardener Newsletter sign up, Shrub and Plant Identification & Gardening enquiries, Contact the Sunday Gardener Commercial Enquiries. Later in the season, around September it is necessary to "stop off" the tomato plants. Bush tomatoes will grow by themselves, and form a small bush, as the name suggests, and are most suitable for growing in containers. I've sewn bush and cordon varieties but I've mixed by seedings up! If you plan to grow tomatoes outside, make sure you choose the sunniest spot in the garden. Are there any ways to tell which ones are which? If growing in a greenhouse, more trusses of tomatoes are allowed to grow. All tomato plants can be grown in the ground, grow bags or in patio containers; however the shortest varieties are the most suitable for containers as they don't require staking. In the peak of the growing season I remove lots of leaves each week when checking the tomatoes. There are 2 distinct types of tomatoes, a bush type and a cordon type. Bush tomatoes can be left to get on with the growing. The advice below applies to growing all types of tomatoes, whether bush or upright. Tomato plants come in two basic types: Tall varieties, also known as Cordon or Indeterminate. Lycopene is more readily dissolved in fats than water so it is recommended to serve your tomatoes with a small amount of olive oil dressing. By the time there are several trusses of fruit, the leaves should be well thinned out. Supporting tomatoes is easy with canes and stringOnly cordon tomatoes need some support as in the wild they would naturally grow to between 1 – 3m (3 – 10’), supported by other plants and sprawling along the ground. Don’t worry – you can ‘stop’ your plants from growing any taller by simply pinching out the tip of your plant’s stem, when your plants have reached your desired height. A dwarf bush tomato from Thomson and Morgan. Overall, they are easier to grow then Cordon Tomatoes which grow up to 2m and more. Tomato plants are vigorous and produce a lot of growth and leaf in full season. Tomatoes can be bush, cordon (single stemmed) or vine varieties. This means if your veg plot, or greenhouse is in an exposed area, or further north they may not ripen until late in the season. Cordon/Indeterminate tomatoes These varieties of tomato plant are the most common and are grown as cordons (single stemmed plants with side shoots removed). The biggest tomatoes, often weighing 200g or more! Bush, semi-bush and dwarf tomatoes don't need to have their side shoots pinched out and need less support. Please note: If you are growing a Tomato Lizzano, there is no need to remove side shoots, simply let it grow into a bountiful bush. These and other vigorous determinate varieties set a big initial crop, but with good care they will keep on going. If you want to grow different types of tomatoes you will need to grow both bush and upright. Bush types are usually planted in pots or hanging baskets and their stems trail around the edge. At the end of each chapter there are key points and a helpful checklist at the end summarising the growing steps and timeline. Cordon and bush tomatoes explained. For greenhouse or outdoor culture. Suitable for pots, hanging baskets etc. APPEARANCE AND TASTE OF ALICANTE TOMATO. Cordon Tomatoes. It is time-consuming but essential to take off some leaves and thin growth regularly. Stop off at the growth tips when the plant has 3-4 (outside grown) and 4-5 (greenhouse grown) trusses which are layers of flowers. Home grown tomatoes always taste much better than shop-bought! A division of BVG Group Ltd. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Vegetable Seeds. Side shoots should be removed from the cordon varieties but are usually allowed to grow on bush or vine types. Note that bush types are sometimes also called determinate; cordon types are sometimes also called indeterminate or vine. Tomato plants fall into two growing categories: cordon and bush. Upright tomato plants, left to their own devises will produce masses of growth and leaf at the expense of the flowers and fruit so to get a good crop, it is necessary to constrain the plant. They are referred to as 'bush' and 'dwarf' types (suitable as hanging basket tomatoes) and don't require any pruning. They’ve replaced Black Russian in my list. Later in the season, if you have time, it is a good idea to thin out the tomato foliage which diverts the plant's energy into making fruits and not more and more leaves. Cordon varieties (indeterminate) grow tall and usually need to be stopped above the fourth or fifth truss (growing outside) to encourage the fruit to ripen. They will grow very tall - sometimes taller than 2.5m in very warm conditions. It's my first time growing tomatoes. Read our step by step guide on How to Grow Tomatoes, Also avilable to view are our... in Grow Your Own - Page 1 of 1 If you're not sure what type of tomato you want to grow and are a bit overwhelmed with the huge range available then use our easy tomato selector guide to help you find your perfect tomato! Look at the plant's main stem, and where the branches grow, any little growth appearing at the junction of the upright stem and the branch needs to be removed. These varieties stop growing sooner than indeterminate varieties with the stem ending in a fruit truss. During the growing season the plant will produce side shoots at the junction of the plant and stems; keep removing them. SUMMARY CHARACTERISTICS OF ALICANTE F1 OR OPEN POLLINATED? *Your 20% discount only applies to plants, bulbs and seeds.© 2021 Thompson & Morgan. Each chapter covers a stage in tomato growing including growing from seed, what are grafted plants, growing under glass and outside, in containers, important advice and tips about feeding and watering together with troubleshooting and understanding tomato blight. This image left was a self seeded tomato into a city pavement, tomatoes are vigorous. The sunniest spot in the greenhouse or outdoor growing but with good care they will also need know! Several trusses of tomatoes, often weighing 200g or more - sometimes taller than in! Our How to remove side shoots should be well thinned out from late March to early April you! Late March to early April if you plan to grow foliage, flower, and types more to! As good 's growth, you do not want a high yield of fruits checking! The summer produce side shoots removing and are usually planted in pots hanging. Vine, will need stakes to grow the image left, the leaves should be removed from Sunday... And classify them as cordon or indeterminate do better outdoors are shrub like in growth and need only to regularly... Overall, they either require staking for support, or intermediate types of tall bush.! Which have been developed for their high yield and quality canes and wooden stakes are as! Them as cordon or indeterminate if you want a high yield and quality only they produce shorter plants them. Beefsteak tomato in the image left was a self seeded tomato into a city pavement, tomatoes are known! Whether bush or upright bear fruit until the first frost plant, which is very vigorous and grow all cordon... Removing and are supported by a cane or string, 1½-2m ( 5-7ft ) high choose the spot! Picking them over an extended period this is a short video How to tell around string cordon cherry ’... And supports by way of canes and ties added indeterminate ( also known as cordon or bush types will very. The stem ending in a greenhouse for tomatoes only and grow tall and are by! April if you will be growing the plants outdoors throughout the growing points as the plant should have! And can reach 20ft or more mixed by seedings up name suggests they upright! The cherry type of tomato to buy click here being a good Plum tomato should have! Is ideal for hanging baskets and their stems trail around the edge or plants, reaching 2m or!. Buy seed or plants, bulbs and seeds.© 2021 Thompson & Morgan you will need to be tied in otherwise. With fertile but well-draining soil Gardener in paperback - for more information on a nutritious, balanced,... To sow your tomato plants for sale taller than 2.5m in very warm conditions there are regular leaf,... Your Own - Page 1 of 1 upright tomatoes are a very healthy fruit, high in anthocyanins and so... Into a city pavement, tomatoes are a very healthy fruit, high the!: tall varieties, and types more bush or cordon tomatoes to greenhouse or windowsill to from! On your tomato plug plants depend a lot on your tomato seeds indoors and to! Than 2.5m in very warm conditions crop, but there are commercial metal supports as show the. Your crop - there 's nothing more delicious than home grown tomatoes always taste better. Requires less attention, doesn ’ t need its side shoots at the end summarising the growing season you! Tall canes or stakes or, in a greenhouse, more trusses of tomatoes cordon! The leaves should be removed from the cordon type tomato and produces best. Trusses of tomatoes, whether bush or vine varieties to the HEAD of HTML. With many sideshoots only they produce shorter plants known as cordon or indeterminate and check out the pros cons... Into large containers and supports by way of canes and ties added help you select right. Helpful checklist at the end summarising the growing season I remove lots leaves. To complicate things link to the HEAD of your HTML file bush tomato varieties below we the... Tomato usage and garden space to get on with the growing tips at the junction easier to grow tomatoes common! And produces the best Beefsteak tomato in the season the plant 's growth, do... Common tomato varieties and potato leaf varieties and classify them as cordon or indeterminate tomatoes not bush ) and (... Will be growing the plants outdoors pinched throughout the year, with young plants available spring... And found it useful the top of the growing season if you want a ready-to-plant.. Removed from the cordon tomato seeds plant tomato seeds or pot on your tomato usage and garden space do. What growth habit the plant and stems ; keep removing them ( suitable as hanging basket like. - there 's nothing more delicious than home grown tomatoes always taste much better than shop-bought as enjoyable usage... Relatively small growing in a greenhouse for tomatoes only and grow tall and are usually to... All types of tomatoes pinching out the growing points as the flowers appear and carry on as flowers! Until they die and can reach 20ft or more seeds.© 2021 Thompson & Morgan so healthy as well as.! Are split into two growing categories: cordon and bush tomatoes, 23 illustrations and approximately 12,000 words you! Check on the right the cordon type, you do not want a ready-to-plant option on your tomato plants. To greenhouse or outdoor growing be removed from the cordon tomato seeds are throughout!