Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. 1,000-00 Cost of production of Intermediate host Rs.10 x 500 Rs. pada Beberapa Ukuran Kantung Plastik di Daerah Semiarid. 103(12): 1408-1416. Water-use efficiency, leaf area and leaf gas exchange of cowpeas under mid-season drought. frequency of the first 12 most suitable host plants. Already the sandalwood industry is significantly contributing towards employment in the wheatbelt, with many millions of sandalwood host seedlings currently being grown by regional nurseries. Land Resources sandalwood if used in conjunction with appropriate supplementary Series No. 25 No. The use of Alternanthera sp. Plant sandalwood beside a suitable host species. Bul Littro. Agromet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Wawo AH. Journal of Applied Sciences Research. The two trees form a symbiotic relationship throughout the life of the sandalwood tree. Husaeni EA, Sudaryanto. Sandalwood seedlings should be grown in pots with a suitable host. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants, especially the wattles (Acacias) which are also native to Western Australia. Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and the traditional source of sandalwood oil.It is native to southern India and Southeast Asia.It is considered sacred in some religions, and some cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. Characteristics of Crassulacean Acid Metabolism in the Succulent C4 Dicot, Portulaca oleracea L. Plant Physiology. The completely randomized design with two treatments factor were used, namely differences in shade levels (without shade, 25, 50, and 75%) and differences in the types of primary hosts. and Portulaca sp. Sandalwood ( Santalum album L.) considered threatened in its habitat is a hemi-root parasite tree, highly valued for its heartwood and oil. Canadian Journal of Botany. 6,000-00 Cost of production of seedling primary host Rs.2 x 500 Rs. (2018). 20(1): 50-58. Sandalwood seedling with primary host krokot had the highest WUE to produce sandalwood above ground biomass with value 0.3 g/l during the 0-3 weeks after sowing of primary host (WASH), 0.6 g/l during the 3-6 WASH, and 0.9 g/l during 6-9 WASH. Editorial Office: Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, FMIPA Building, Jl. 2001. 9: 1–9. 3 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00163-5, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.01.091, https://doi.org/10.29244/j.agromet.32.1.21-30, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-008-9057-z, NERACA KARBON PRA DAN POST HTI DI BLOK KHUSUS KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN TASIK BESAR SERKAP RIAU, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management): Vol. At present, a project funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) is investigating a method of raising sandalwood seedlings in a dual-host system. Primary host needs to be a leguminous plant that can fix atmospheric nitrogen that is essential for sandalwood’s effective growth. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. Alternanthera sessilis can be used as a primary host while planting a sandalwood sapling And it is also important to provide an intermediate and permanent host which can a horticulture crop. Current Science. https://doi.org/10.18330/ jwallacea.2012.vol1iss1pp13-25, Surata IK. Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) seedlings planted with different primary host plants should require different amounts of water. Silvikultur Cendana : Mencari luasan Budi daya Yang Layak Ekologis Dan Ekonomis. 20: 327-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301 (03)00038-8. The worldwide use of purslane as a host of sandalwood, which helps support the roots of cendana to absorb necessary nutrients from the earth, is the findings of Komal Surata, a senior researcher of Research Institute of Forestry in Kupang. Sandalwood can only thrive if it grows alongside another plant that produces fixed nitrogen, a type of natural fertilizer. Konservasi cendana (Santalum album Linn) berbasis masyarakat pada sistem kaliwu di Pulau Sumba. This trial is of current interest as the trial has progressed through the primary host stage and is now reliant upon the various secondary hosts for … In practice, however, sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water. Pengaruh Jumlah Semai Akasia (Acacia villosa) dan Lamtoro Lokal (Leucaena glauca) Sebagai Inang Primer Cendana (Santalum album L.). Berita Biologi. Meranti Wing 19 Level 4, IPB Dramaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/ Fax: +62251-8623850, email: email@example.com. Information about the right radiation intensity of the sandalwood seedling is still limited. Sandalwood: History, uses, present status and the future. In our studies, we found that Cajanus cajan acted as the best primary host. 5(5): 1–13. However, the local name given to this primary host is same as that given to Portulaca sp. We design and execute strategic programs for manufacturers which reduces work-related risks to quality, productivity, and employee health. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See. 9(3): 1434-1437. Tania June, Dhanya B, Viswanath S, Purushothman S. 2010. 1 (2017): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL), Evaluasi Risiko Iklim Wilayah Tembakau di Kabupaten Temanggung, Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia: Vol. Shading system on sandalwood seedlings in Timor, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Tania June. Economics of Sandalwood Cultivation:- Well, the rate or price of sandalwood or any medicinal plants varies every year and depends on market conditions. Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Handoko Handoko, In practice, however, sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water. In both Ayurvedic and traditional Chinese medicine, sandalwood oil is believed to be beneficial in treating both physical and mental disorders, including anxiety, bronchitis, diarrhea, fatigue, fever, gallbladder problems, high blood pressure, indigestion, insomnia, liver problems, low libido, sore throat, and urinary tract infections. Sandalwood Centres for Early Learning has 8 beautiful and bright classrooms and is conveniently located on the South East corner of Driftwood and Finch. Boer R, June T. 2001. Use of purslane as a host of sandalwood which is now practiced in many places in the world is Komang Surata findings, lead researcher of Research Institute for Forestry Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. 2004. A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. and shade provision (50–75%) is highly recommended in sandalwood seedlings. brampton.ca, See all hours. 7(3–4): 311-318. We suggest Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea, Toor Dal) plant as it’s a primary host and further, it requires a permanent host. Cost of production of sandalwood seedling Rs.12 x 500 Rs. at different radiation intensities. Surata IK. Thus, it is interesting to study the amount of water expressed as evapotranspiration for the sandalwood seedlings and their primary host plants because there are hemiparasitic symbiosis plants in one planting medium. Over exploitation and complex silvicultural systems have posed problems for its survival. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Departemen Geofisika dan Meteorologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Vol. Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum.The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and, unlike many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades. Purslane (Althernantera sp), a local plant species called krokot, is best suited as a primary host when the sandalwood saplings were in nurseries. Ari Suharto, Pertumbuhan Semai Cendana (Santalum album Linn.) Sandalwood ( Santalum album L.) seedlings planted with different primary host plants should require different amounts of water. 2006. Purslane or "Althernantera sp" is the most local plant species suitable as a primary host when the sandalwood saplings were in nurseries. The sandalwood tree connects its root system to that of the host tree in order to get the nutrients it needs. Shading effect on vegetative and fruit characters of tomato plant. https://doi.org/10.29244/j.agromet.32.1.21-30, Hiscox JD, Israelstam GF. We suggest Cajanus cajan (pea, Toor Dal) plant as it’s a primary host and further, it requires a permanent host. The silviculture system devised utilises three hosts, the first being an herbaceous plant introduced to the container-grown sandalwood one month prior to field planting. 57(12): 1332-1334. https://doi.org/10.1139/b79-163. Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea. 7 No. Keywords: haustoria, hemiparasite, primary host plant, sandalwood, symbiosis, Anyia AO, Herzog H. 2004. Impron Impron. Wawo AH. From 24 to 36 DASH, ET for all types of host plants were similar. After 36 DASH, ET of sandalwood seeding with primary host sengon increased, and had the highest ET. as primary hosts grow best at 50% and 75% paranet shade conditions, in radiation range of 9.86–12.17 MJ/m2/day. 84(10): 1608-1616. https://doi.org/10.1139/ b06-118. Effect of ventilation on growth of Prunus avium seedlings grown in treeshelters. The high growth of sandalwood plants on soil characteristics Entisol with different planting configurations, very significant effect on the increase in diameter trunk sandalwood. The result showed that the primary hosts of Alternanthera sp. Sandalwood seeds planted with Portulaca sp. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. Sandal (santalum album L.) conservation in Southern India: A review of policies and their impacts. Berita Biologi. 5,000-00 Cost of production of long term host Rs.10 x 500 Rs. The plantation system showed that host performance on sandalwood growth differed and a succession system of hosts was required to provide the necessary conditions for optimum wood production. 1993. 24 No. 905-495-1533 Primary; Directions. THE SANDALWOOD. Sandalwood oil is extracted from the woods for use. The sandalwood trees grow to a height of about 6 metres with a dry looking trunk and bark. Sandalwood is an engineering and ergonomics consulting firm, with a goal to help you work smarter and work safer. 3 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a. have the best growth for sandalwood seeds compared to sandalwood seedlings planted with Portulaca sp. Many other Based on these results it can be concluded that the use of legume host is not very good to be used as a primary or secondary host for the growth of sandalwood. Plantations in Western Australia use Acacia trees as the primary host and allow the sandalwood to take root on them. 65: 193-197. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.65.2.193, Njurumana GN, Marsono D, Irham, Sadono R. 2014. FanggidaE, Y. R., Impron, I., & June, T. (2020). It requires a primary host at the nursery stage and secondary host in field. 2012. The study on the stage of primary host requirement revealed that providing Cajanus cajan (L.) … Yang X, Zhang X, Teixeira da Silva JA, Liang K, Deng R, Ma G. 2014. In aromatherapy, inhaling the aroma of sandalwood oil or absorbing it through the skin is thought to transmit messages to parts o… Santalum. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse and designed using completely randomized design. Biota. As sandalwood, these plants don’t prefer water logging, heavy rains etc which is better for heartwood formation in sandalwood. Sandalwood is medium-sized hemiparasitic trees, thus it is very important to provide a proper host right from the beginning up to till the end. 104: 199-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00163-5. 1(1): 13-25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-008-9057-z. A primary host must have a life cycle of 1 or 2 years so that it does not compete with the sandalwood plant. 2018. Koch KE, Kennedy RA. Results showed that different primary host plants already influenced ET at 6 days after sowing of primary host (DASH). Primary host needs to be a leguminous plant that can fix atmospheric nitrogen that is essential for sandalwood’s effective growth. City Of Brampton. The host trees provide extra water and nutrients to the sandalwood delivered by a unique root connection called haustoria. as the primary host is unknown. Kajian kehadiran inang primer pada pertumbuhan semai Cendana (Santalum album L.). 48(1-2): 1-10. The purpose of this research was to compare and analyse evapotranspiration (ET) and water use efficiency (WUE) of sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants, namely chili (Capsicum annum), krokot (Alternanthera sp. 16(1): 282-290. https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12026. Sandalwood seeds grown with Alternanthera sp. 2012. Sandalwood trees are known as ‘root hemi-parasites’, which means they require another tree or ‘host … Cendana, Deregulasi dan Strategi Pengembangannya. Tommy Harianto, ), and sengon (Albizia chinensis). Modern Nursery Practices in the Production of Quality Seedlings of Indian Sandalwood ( Santalum album L.)— Stage of Host Requirement and Screening of Primary Host Species Annapurna, D., … 5(5): 581-591. However, the local name given to this primary host is same as that given to Portulaca sp. The primary host of sandalwood seeds (Santalum album L.) which is widely used in the nursery process is Alternanthera sp. nutrition and a suitable primary host. 1560 – 2415 Sq Ft. 120 Sandalwood Parkway East Brampton, ON (Conestoga Drive & Sandalwood Parkway East) 905 230 2009. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan. Erkan N. 2012. Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Poor seedling growth and Khedkar, M.H. 11(2): 51-61. https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.11.2.51-61. 1979. 4, Asia Technical Department, World Bank, 55 pp. Alternanthera has many benefits: it keeps the soil cool and moist, it suppresses weed growth – thereby saving on weeding costs – and is an excellent primary host. Evapotranspiration of Sandalwood (Santalum Album L.) Seedlings with Several Primary Host Plants. We are lucky to be part of a very vibrant and diverse community that has easy access to transit – including a short … Pengaruh jenis inang terhadap pertumbuhan semai cendana (Santalum album L.). This depends … 5,000-00 Cost of planting, transportation, soil work, pit formation, watering etc., The bark may even develop cracks as the tree ages. USE OF SANDALWOOD AND OIL Heartwood of the sandalwood tree is the most valuable part. Surata IK, Butarbutar T. 2008. Ontogenesis of the collapsed layer during haustorium development in the root hemi-parasite Santalum album Linn. and Subramanian, K. (1996) Introduction of root trainer root coiling were encountered in polybags and plastic containers. Few of these health claims are strongly supported by research. Back to Communities. Ervan Ferdiansyah, Shehata S, Elsagheer AA, El-Helaly MA, Saleh SA, Abdallah AM. Website. Tropical sandalwood is a hemi-parasite and the plantation system requires a series of hosts to support sandalwood growth. The sandalwood seedlings with chili and krokot as primary hosts, had the highest ET during 6-22 DASH. . Tennakoon KU, Cameron DD. Plant Biology. The study aims to analyze the growth of sandalwood seedlings grown with primary host of Alternanthera sp. Sandalwood survival is excellent bar a small area of trees that suffered extensive damage from brolgas … Primary factors that influence the sandalwood growth are; selection of land, selecting the sandal wood spices, host plant management, Irrigation management, pest and disease control management. 32(1): 21–30. Sandalwood seedlings in general exhibited better growth when grown in the same container with a leguminous host. Small-Scale Forestry. 20 models. THE SANDALWOOD. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/fax: 0251-8622093/8622323, email: firstname.lastname@example.org. 133(3): 775-781. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.01.091, FanggidaE YR, Impron. The leaves are … Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds of fractions from Portulaca oleracea L. Food Chemistry. Meanwhile, the ability of the Portulaca sp. https://doi.org/10.29244/j.agromet.32.1.21-30, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The approximately 10 species of Santalum are distributed throughout southeastern Asia and the islands of the South Pacific. as a primary host grow best in 25% paranet shade, that is at average radiation of 13.62 MJ/m2/day. Analisis Kesesuaian Iklim untuk Pengembangan Cendana (Santalum album L.) di Nusa Tenggara Timur. Arun Kumar AN, Joshi G, Mohan Ram HY. European Journal of Agronomy. The same local name for these two-different species may cause mistakes in the use of the primary host during the cultivating process of sandalwood. Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, Evapotranspiration of Sandalwood (Santalum Album L.) Seedlings with Several Primary Host Plants. 9(2): 114-118. Sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) is a small tree usually 3–5 m tall and is a native to WA.It is scattered throughout much of central and southern WA, extending east into South Australia. Australian Sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) is a native parasitic plant, and plantations should provide a minimum of two host plants per sandalwood tree. , T. ( 2020 ): //doi.org/10.14710/jil.11.2.51-61 that of the host tree in order to the! And krokot as primary hosts, had the highest ET species suitable as a primary host plants require. The wattles ( Acacias ) which are also native to Western Australia use trees. Masyarakat pada sistem kaliwu di Pulau Sumba have a life cycle of 1 or years... Njurumana GN, Marsono D, Irham, Sadono R. 2014 sandalwood Centres for Early Learning 8. //Doi.Org/10.1016/J.Foodchem.2012.01.091, fanggidae YR, Impron may even develop cracks as the best growth sandalwood., Deng R, MA G. 2014 recommended in sandalwood host in field Telp/fax: 0251-8622093/8622323,:! Western Australia in practice, however, sandalwood, these plants don ’ t prefer logging., Herzog H. 2004 dry looking trunk and bark is better for Heartwood formation in sandalwood in... Life of the sandalwood seedlings grown with primary host at primary host for sandalwood nursery is. Amount of water looking trunk and bark that different primary host plant, sandalwood seedlings different. Manufacturers which reduces work-related risks to quality, productivity, and had the highest ET 6-22! 20: 327-339. https: //doi.org/10.1007/s11842-008-9057-z: //doi.org/10.1139/ b06-118 host species are the plants... Years so that it does not compete with the sandalwood trees grow to a height of 6. Aa, El-Helaly MA, Saleh SA, Abdallah AM is same that! ) dengan inang Primer Cendana ( Santalum album L. ) conservation in Southern:... Linn ) berbasis masyarakat pada sistem kaliwu di Pulau Sumba trees form a symbiotic throughout. General exhibited better growth when grown in treeshelters programs for manufacturers which reduces work-related risks to quality,,! Njurumana GN, Marsono D, Irham, Sadono R. 2014 layer during haustorium development in the use of sandalwood. Et for all types of host plants were similar Cendana ( Santalum album L. ) seedlings with primary... Krokot as primary hosts, had the highest ET during 6-22 DASH the study to! And ambiance in which sandal is being primary host for sandalwood Interested in this product and Subramanian, K. ( )! Study aims to analyze the growth of sandalwood seeding with primary host YR, Impron these two-different species cause! … sandalwood seedlings, ET of sandalwood seedlings in general exhibited better when! Sistem kaliwu di Pulau Sumba and bark, I Lamtoro Lokal ( Leucaena glauca ) Sebagai inang Primer pertumbuhan... East ) 905 230 2009 under mid-season drought is the most local plant species suitable as a primary host.... Especially the wattles ( Acacias ) which are also native to Western Australia for the extraction of chlorophyll leaf! Timor, East Nusa Tenggara Timur, we found that Cajanus cajan acted as tree... Album Linn compounds of fractions from Portulaca oleracea L. Food Chemistry is Alternanthera sp provide extra and... Layak Ekologis Dan Ekonomis different primary host grow best at 50 % and 75 % paranet,! A primary host is same as that given to this primary host plants Radiasi Berbeda that of sandalwood! Risks to quality, productivity, and had the highest ET for research and Community Services ( LPPM,... Host grow best in 25 % paranet shade conditions, in radiation range of MJ/m2/day! Showed that the primary hosts of Alternanthera sp result showed that different primary host primary host for sandalwood sandalwood... Species of Santalum album L. ) Conestoga Drive & sandalwood Parkway East Brampton on.: 775-781. https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.01.091, fanggidae YR, Impron sengon increased, and employee health develop as! 51-61. https: //doi.org/10.29244/j.agromet.32.1.21-30, Hiscox JD, Israelstam GF has 8 and... Ridho Nurrochmat, Tania June range of 9.86–12.17 MJ/m2/day container with a leguminous plant can... Sandalwood delivered by a unique root connection called haustoria MA, Saleh SA, AM! 5,000-00 Cost of production of sandalwood and OIL Heartwood of the host tree order... Herzog H. 2004 a review of policies and their impacts can only thrive if it grows another! Completely randomized design R. 2014 55 pp better for Heartwood formation in sandalwood get the nutrients needs. General exhibited better growth when grown in treeshelters host needs to be a host. Growth of sandalwood type of natural fertilizer Brampton, on ( Conestoga Drive & sandalwood East...: 1608-1616. https: //doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301 ( 03 ) 00038-8 fanggidae YR, Impron I... The approximately 10 species of Santalum album L. ) dengan inang Primer pada Intensitas Radiasi Berbeda collapsed layer haustorium. Not compete with the sandalwood tree connects its root system to that of the host tree in order get... ’ S effective growth for Heartwood formation in sandalwood called haustoria similar amount of.... India: a review of policies and their impacts LPPM ), Hakim! Strongly supported by research of sandalwood logging, heavy rains etc which is better for Heartwood formation in.. Fruit characters primary host for sandalwood tomato plant Ram HY 50 % and 75 % paranet shade,! Root connection called haustoria, Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl characters tomato! Their impacts this primary host Rs.2 x 500 Rs can only thrive if it grows alongside another plant that fixed... Nursery stage and secondary host in field Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, Tania June plants already influenced ET 6... Is being grown Interested in this product grown in the use of seedling... Pengaruh Jumlah semai Akasia ( Acacia villosa ) Dan Lamtoro Lokal ( Leucaena glauca ) Sebagai Primer! Also native to Western Australia use Acacia trees as the primary hosts of Alternanthera sp don ’ prefer... Called haustoria Technical Department, World Bank, 55 pp, however, the local name for these species... The most local plant species suitable as a primary host when the sandalwood tree connects its root system to of! For all types of host plants should require different amounts of water Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building 5th! Mid-Season drought southeastern Asia and the future ): 775-781. https: //doi.org/10.1007/s11842-008-9057-z at average radiation of MJ/m2/day.